Monday, February 17, 2014

Chapter 14: Basic Facials

1. Benefits of a facial include:
  • deep cleanses
  • exfoliates
  • increases circulation and detoxifies
  • relaxes the senses, nerves, and muscles
  • stimulates the skin functions and metabolism
  • slows down premature aging
  • treats conditions such as dryness, oiliness, or redness
  • softens wrinkles and aging lines
  • helps clear up blemishes
2. The steps in a basic facial are:
  • Client consultation (including review of contraindications and initial skin analysis)
  • Client draping
  • Warm towels and cleansing
  • In-depth skin analysis
  • Exfoliation product or mask
  • Softening with steam or warm towels
  • Extractions (and/or brow waxing)
  • Massage
  • Mask (massage and mask steps can be reversed)
  • Toner
  • Moisturizer and/or sunscreen
3. A mini-facial differs from a basic facial because it takes about half the time.  Steps that can be omitted include: comprehensive skin analysis, massage, or extractions.

4. Three contraindications include:
  • Medication such as Accutane
  • Pregnancy
  • Allergies to products or ingredients
5. Three important guidelines to follow in order to be successful and to maintain client loyalty are:
  • Always approach a client with a smile
  • Maintain neat, clean, and sanitary conditions
  • Give the client your full attention at all times
6. A mask is left in place for about 7-10 minutes.

7. Four ingredients that are beneficial for mature skin are:
  • Antioxidants such as C, E, and A
  • AHA's
  • Hydrating ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and glycerin
  • Peptides
8. Treatment contraindications for sensitive skin are too much warmth or steam, and anything too aggressive.

9. Four ingredients that are used for acne include:
  • BHA's
  • Sulfur masks
  • Vitamins
  • Benzoyl peroxide
10. The key points to consider when choosing skin care products for men are:
  • Tubes and pumps are more male-friendly than jars
  • Home care regimen should be simple.  Start with 2 products.
  • Men tend to like the foaminess of soaps
  • Educate him on sun protection and skin cancer facts

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